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family law, financial remedies, pension sharing, annuity, tax avoidance, Budget 2015, Conservatives, Labour, General Elections, Politics
The 2015 Budget should be viewed as one whose objective is political impact given the polls place the Conservatives and Labour neck and neck.
Meta Title :Impact of Budget changes on family cases
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Mar 20, 2015, 02:43 AM
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all eyes were anticipated to be on the Budget, George Osborne’s thunder was
stolen, somewhat, by the activities of
the Federal Reserve and attention turned to Washington as the Fed’s pledge to
be 'patient' before raising interest rates, was dropped.
March 2015 Budget might be seen as a political statement with Conservative strategists
wanting Mr Osborne to set the tone for the general election campaign. So whilst it is the Chancellor’s sixth Budget, the objective might be said to be closely aligned with a political
message and the focus appears to remain the state of Britain’s public finances
and getting the deficit down. So perhaps
this Budget should be viewed as one whose objective is political impact given
the polls place the Conservatives and Labour neck and neck.
headline issues which may have impact for family lawyers and financial remedy
(a) The pension pot lifetime allowance is cut from
£1.25m to £1m from 6th April 2016 – a move predicted to generate
£600 m for the Treasury. Significant
why? The allowance was introduced in
2006. In 2011 it stood at £1.8m and the Budget announcement represents further disincentivisation on saving for
retirement. Pension holders pay a 55% tax charge on any amount held over the
lifetime limit. There is transitional
protection created for those adversely affected. Form April 2018 the lifetime allowance will
be indexed, rising in line with the annual increase in the CPI.
(b) In addition, people who have bought an
annuity will be allowed to sell the income to a third party and the proceeds
could be taken directly or drawn down over time although taxed at the holder’s
marginal rate. Relevant to financial remedy proceedings
includes the following considerations:
– Pension sharing might be a remedy to
overfunding and a means to alleviate the 55% tax charge.
– Think about the client with commercial
property currently worth £700,000 and equities and cash of some £200,000 but
who is only 48 years of age – is he likely to exceed the allowance by
retirement? What predictions can and
should be made for growth on the commercial property and equities? Is it in his long term interests to
c) The personal tax allowance currently
stands at £10,000 and rises to £10,600 this April but the Budget announced a
further rise from April 2016 to £10,800 and then to £11,000 in April 2017. Frequently when looking at net effect
considerations on the division of income at the time of divorce and
incentivising divorcees to go back to work, the tax efficiency of a personal
allowance is not lost in looking at utilising the earning capacity over time
with, perhaps, a corresponding step down in quantum of periodical payments post
the making of any order or agreement.
d) There are new and improved
anti-avoidance measures with legislation to implement the previously announced
changes to the DOTAS (Disclosure of Tax Avoidance Schemes) regime that will be
included in the Finance Bill of 2015 due to be published next week. Amongst the proposed changes are:
– Removing the duty of confidentiality from
persons who voluntarily disclose information to HMRC to assist HMRC in
determining whether there has been a breach of the DOTAS rules.
– Increasing penalties.
– Empowering HMRC to publish summary
information about notified schemes and identify users of undisclosed
Government has confirmed that legislation will be introduced in a future Finance
Bill to impose further sanctions on serial tax avoiders – increased financial
penalties/increased reporting obligations/naming and shaming/restricting access
to tax reliefs.
relevance of this is that in family cases involving high net worth individuals
it is not uncommon for there to be complex and sophisticated tax schemes and
structures set up with the objective of tax efficient financial planning. Sometimes a case will feature an issue over
contingent liabilities – what will be HMRC’s approach to a particular avoidance
measure and how such contingent liability should be treated when factoring in
the s 25 Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 criteria.
be alert as yesterday (19 March 2015) the Government was also set to
publish plans for new criminal offences for tax evasions and penalties for
those professionals who assist tax evaders.
Further information on this was not available at the time of compilation
of this article.
A v A; B v B  1 FLR 701 Mr Justice Charles spoke of the strong obligation
of disclosure and the 'strong public interest that all tax, and Revenue
penalties due, should be paid…'.
(e) Owner-managed businesses:
(i) Individuals wishing to claim
entrepreneurs’ relief (ER) on the gain arising on the disposal of a personally
held asset that has been used in their business or personal company must, at
the same time, make a significant disposal of their share in the business or shareholding
in the company. Prior to the budget
statement, any disposal out of a material holding was sufficient to trigger ER
(ii) Legislation will be amended to require a
disposal of an interest representing at least 5% of the assets of the
partnership or 5% of the of the ordinary shares or securities of a personal
trading company. There must also be no
arrangement to reacquire an increased share in the partnership or additional
shares in the company.
is frequently the case in a divorce that liquidity has to be generated by the
sale of business assets and ER has been a useful method of minimising the tax
(f) Other potential 'winners' amongst our client
base are beer and cider drinkers – the duty on lower strength beer will be cut
by 6% and lower strength cider by 2%!