Spotlight
Family Law Awards 2020
Shortlist announced - time to place your vote!
Court of Protection Practice 2020
'Court of Protection Practice goes from strength to strength, having...
Jackson's Matrimonial Finance Tenth Edition
Jackson's Matrimonial Finance is an authoritative specialist text...
Spotlight
Latest articles
Behaviour-based divorces still merit close consideration
Some recent cases illustrate the evidential and procedural issues involved in dealing with proofs on the merits of divorce, which are worth considering even though most cases may conclude on a...
HM Courts & Tribunals Service confirms 2020 Christmas and new year closure dates
HM Courts & Tribunals Service (HMCTS) has confirmed the dates over the Christmas and new year period in which Crown Courts, magistrates’ courts,...
Lockdown 2: how does it affect child contact?
No sooner had clarity been obtained as to how child contact would work within and across the tier system, than the government announced its suspension in England.  From 5 November 2020, a 4-week...
Northamptonshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust v AB
The issue in this case concerned AB’s capacity to make specific decisions about treatment relating to her anorexia nervosa. She was 28 years old and had suffered with anorexia since the age of...
New Cafcass guidance on working with children during COVID-19
The Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service (Cafcass) has published guidance on working with children during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The guidance sets out arrangements for...
View all articles
Authors

PRACTICE: Ofulue v Bossert [2009] UKHL 16

Sep 29, 2018, 17:06 PM
Slug : ofulue-v-bossert-2009-ukhl-16
Meta Title :
Meta Keywords :
Canonical URL :
Trending Article : No
Prioritise In Trending Articles : No
Date : Mar 11, 2009, 04:22 AM
Article ID : 85871

(House of Lords; Lord Hope of Craighead, Lord Scott of Foscote, Lord Rodger of Earlsferry, Lord Walker of Gestingthorpe, Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury; 11 March 2009)

The case concerned a possession dispute between the registered owners and the occupier. The occupier, who had been in actual possession of the property for about 20 years, based her claim on adverse possession for over 12 years. Twice, in previous legal proceedings for possession against the occupier and her father, documents had been produced for the purpose of the proceedings in which the occupier had acknowledged the title of the registered owners. The first of these acknowledgements was more than 12 years old, and not therefore apt to defeat a claim based on the previous 12 years. The second acknowledgement, which took the form of an offer to purchase the property, was marked 'without prejudice'. The judge at first instance did not admit the second acknowledgment as evidence, and amended the register to show that the occupier was the registered proprietor. The principal issue in the appeal to the House of Lords was the extent to which it was permissible for one party to rely on a statement made by another party in 'without prejudice' correspondence, written with a view to settling earlier proceedings between the same parties.

By a majority, Lord Scott of Foscote dissenting, the Lords upheld the original decision to register the occupier as the owner of the property.

The following passage from Unilever plc v The Procter & Gamble Co [2000] 1 WLR 2436 was quoted with approval as making a point that should always be borne in mind by any judge considering a contention that a statement made in without prejudice negotiations should be exempted from the normal rule, that such statements were inadmissible and therefore not to be given in evidence.

'The without prejudice rule is founded partly in public policy and partly in the agreement of the parties . . . the protection of admissions against interest is the most important practical effect of the rule. But to dissect out identifiable admissions and withhold protection from the rest of without prejudice communications (except for a special reason) would not only create huge practical difficulties but would be contrary to the underlying objective of giving protection to the parties... to speak freely about all issues in the litigation... Parties cannot speak freely at a without prejudice meeting if they must constantly monitor every sentence, with lawyers... sitting at their shoulders as minders.'

Parties and their representatives trying to settle a dispute should be able to negotiate openly, without having to worry that what they said might be used against them subsequently, whether in their current dispute or in some different situation. There was no obvious justification for drawing a distinction between admissions and acknowledgements. It was the ability of parties attempting to negotiate a compromise to speak freely that indicated where the limits of the rule should lie. The rule recognised that unseen dangers might lurk behind what was said or written during negotiations, and removed the inhibiting effect that this might have in the interests of promoting attempts to achieve a settlement.

The fact that the owner's title to the property was not directly in dispute in the earlier proceedings was not a good ground for admitting the without prejudice offer to purchase the property into evidence. A statement in without prejudice negotiations should not be admissible in evidence, save perhaps where it was wholly unconnected with the issues between the parties to the proceedings, other than in exceptional circumstances such as those mentioned in Unilever.

While it was open to the Lords to create further exceptions to the rule, it would be inappropriate to do so, for reasons of legal and practical certainty. To uphold such an exception in this case would severely risk hampering the freedom parties should feel when entering into settlement negotiations.

Lord Scott of Foscote dissented, considering that the acknowledgment of title was admissible as evidence.

Categories :
  • Archive
  • Judgments
Tags :
Authors
Provider :
Product Bucket :
Recommend These Products
Related Articles
Load more comments
Comment by from